Australia’s Submarine Force: A Threat to China or Not?

Last year’s AUKUS pact between Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States which, among other things, was formed to allow Australia a means to secure state-of-the-art nuclear submarines for its navy, stirred up quite a diplomatic hornet’s nest by excluding France from the deal.
That diplomatic fallout notwithstanding, this is as good a time as any to examine the current state of the Royal Australian Navy’s submarine force; after all, we at 19FortyFive have recently published articles on the submarines of the other three members of “The Quad” –namely the U.S, Japan, and India – so in the interest of “equal time” or being “fair & balanced” or whatever catchphrase you prefer, it’s time to give the current Aussie submarine force its moment in th …

U.S. National Debt

The current U.S. national debt: